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Jothi Herbals

Kandankathirikai |

Kandankathirikai |

Regular price Rs. 120.00
Regular price Rs. 150.00 Sale price Rs. 120.00
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Kandankathirikai, scientifically known as Solanum xanthocarpum and commonly called Yellow-berried Nightshade or Indian Nightshade, is a spiny perennial herb found in India and other parts of Asia. It belongs to the Solanaceae family and is renowned for its medicinal properties. When dried, this plant, particularly its fruits, holds significant therapeutic value.

Physical Characteristics:

  • Form: The dried form of Kandankathirikai usually consists of its fruits and sometimes the aerial parts of the plant.
  • Fruits: The fruits are small, spherical berries about 1-2 cm in diameter. When fresh, they are yellowish or greenish but turn dark brown or black when dried.
  • Texture: The dried berries have a hard, shriveled appearance with a rough, wrinkled surface.
  • Seeds: Inside the dried fruits, there are numerous tiny seeds that are typically flattened and disc-shaped.

Chemical Composition:

  • Alkaloids: The plant contains several alkaloids, with solanine and solasodine being the most prominent. These compounds contribute to its medicinal effects.
  • Steroidal Saponins: These are also present and are known for their anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties.
  • Other Constituents: The dried plant parts contain flavonoids, glycosides, and essential oils.

Medicinal Uses:

  1. Respiratory Disorders: Dry Kandankathirikai is commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat respiratory ailments such as asthma, bronchitis, and cough due to its expectorant and bronchodilator properties.
  2. Anti-Inflammatory: It is used to reduce inflammation and treat conditions like arthritis and rheumatism.
  3. Diuretic: The dried fruits are known for their diuretic effects, helping to treat conditions like edema and urinary disorders.
  4. Digestive Health: It aids in digestion and is used to treat indigestion and abdominal discomfort.

Preparation and Usage:

  • Forms: The dried fruits can be powdered and used in various formulations such as tablets, capsules, or decoctions.
  • Decoctions: A common method is to boil the dried berries to make a decoction, which can be consumed to alleviate respiratory and digestive issues.
  • Powders: The dried fruits are also ground into a fine powder and mixed with other herbal ingredients to enhance their therapeutic effects.


  • Dosage: Proper dosage should be determined by a healthcare professional to avoid any potential side effects.
  • Pregnancy and Lactation: Use during pregnancy and lactation should be avoided unless prescribed by a healthcare practitioner.
  • Allergies: Individuals with allergies to plants in the Solanaceae family should use caution.

Pharmacological Action:

  • Expectorant: Helps in clearing mucus from the airways, facilitating easier breathing.
  • Bronchodilator: Relaxes the bronchial muscles, improving airflow to the lungs.
  • Anti-Inflammatory: Reduces inflammation in various parts of the body, providing relief from pain and swelling.
  • Diuretic: Promotes urine production, aiding in the removal of excess fluids from the body.
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